Masuk Toilet Malah Dibayar, Mau tau Dimana ?

Katakan News - India adalah salah satu negara yang menyandang predikat semrawut, mulai dari lingkungan yang kotor, lalu lintas tak teratur, sampah berceceran, hingga warganya yang suka buang hajat sembarangan. Kalau di Indonesia, setiap bepergian dan tiba-tiba kebelet buang air, sudah tentu toilet umumlah yang dicari, dan untuk masuk kita harus membayar setidaknya 2000 rupiah.

Masuk Toilet Malah Dibayar, Mau tau Dimana ?

Berbeda lagi halnya jika kamu mengunjungi India. Negara yang terkenal dengan film romantisnya ini menggaji para warga yang mau menggunakan toilet. Lha kok enak? Yap, usut punya usut, ternyata hal ini terjadi karena beberapa sebab berikut ini Sahabat Boombastis.

 Penduduk yang buang hajat di tempat terbuka


Wah, ini mah membayangkan saja sudah membuat kita jijik, apalagi bagi mereka yang menemukan kejadian tersebut setiap hari ya? Menurut data yang didapat dari United Nations for Children’s Fund (UNICEF), ada sekitar  594 juta warga – hampir setengah populasi India – yang buang hajat di tempat terbuka alias sembarangan. Kebanyakan mereka adalah penduduk miskin yang tinggal di tempat terpencil. Hal ini justru dapat menimbulkan masalah serius bukan, mulai dari pencemaran lingkungan, mengganggu penciuman, anak-anak dan penduduk yang dapat terkena penyakit, serta rawan terjadinya pelecehan seksual bagi perempuan.

Fasilitas yang dibangun tidak dimanfaatkan


Untuk mengatasi penyakit buang air besar sembarangan (BABS) ini, perdana menterinya, Narendra Modi sampai turun tangan loh. Pada 2014 lalu, ia meluncurkan sebuah program bertajuk Swachh Bharat yang fokus membangun fasilitas dan memberantas perilaku BABS. Modi sampai membuat slogan  ‘bangun toilet dulu, baru nanti kuil’ saking geramnya. Namun, nyatanya fasilitas yang ada tak lantas membuat masyarakat India sadar. Adanya aturan tak lantas mengubah kebiasaan mereka, hal ini terjadi karena memang sudah faktor turun temurun dari nenek moyang mereka. Zaman dahulu –bahkan hingga sekarang- toilet dianggap bukan bagian penting, sehingga banyak warga yang tidak punya fasilitas ini.

Melakukan sosialisasi dan peraturan ‘no toilet no bride’


Nah, karena fasilitas yang ada tidak dimanfaatkan, pemerintah memutar  otak dengan melakukan berbagai jenis kampanye dan sosialisasi terkait penggunaan toilet. Bahkan, pemerintah pernah mengeluarkan kebijakan yang berbunyi ‘no toilet no bride’. Kebijakan ini berisi aturan bahwa seorang perempuan tidak boleh menerima lamaran seorang laki-laki jika di rumahnya tidak ada toilet. Bagaimana buktinya? Nyatanya, hal ini tak pernah berhasil terutama di masyarakat pedesaan. Isu tentang hidup sehat, nyaman, dan bersih tidak begitu penting untuk mereka. Hmmmm…

Bujuk rayu terakhir yaitu dengan ‘menggaji’ penduduk yang mau memakai toilet umum


Akhirnya, strategi terakhir yang dipakai oleh pemerintah adalah sistem ‘sogok’ untuk kebaikan. Seperti yang dirangkum Hipwee.com, bagi siapa saja yang mau menggunakan toilet umum secara rutin, masing-masing keluarga akan dibayar $37,13 atau kurang lebih 450 ribu rupiah setiap bulannya. Solusi ini juga diiringi dengan pemeriksaan rutin dari pemerintah, apakah mereka memang menggunakan toilet tersebut atau tidak. Iming-iming uang ini nampaknya cukup berhasil, karena di beberapa daerah seperti Gujarat, Gida, Baytu dan Rajshtan sudah ada belasan ribu warga yang ikut berkampanye, memakai toilet dan mendukung terciptanya lingkungan yang sehat.
Yap, masalah toilet dan buang hajat sembarangan juga berlaku di Indonesia. Kalau kamu ada di pedesaan, pasti pernah melihat orang nongkrong di pinggir kali atau toilet kayu atas sungai. Tapi, memang kenyataannya tidak separah masalah yang melanda India. Bersyukurlah kalau kalian semua masih punya toilet di rumah Sahabat.

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Aetna Health Insurance Company started its operation since 1850. They are dedicated in helping individuals achieved security in terms of health and financial. Aetna provides its members useful information to help them decide which insurance works for them. They provide insurance for employers around 50 states of America. Aetna's customers are mostly employers, individuals, students, and hourly or part-time workers. Their products and services include medical, dental, vision, disability, pharmacy, life, student, pet and behavioral health.

Aetna Health Insurance gives affordable coverage. From their wide range of services available, for sure there is one that's right for you. Aetna will even help you to choose a plan that's best for you. You will get help in accessing whatever care you need. Whatever the situation maybe, you will be assured that Aetna will provide you the help that you need in order to live a healthier life and in getting the most of your health dollars. You can even cover your pet in their Pet Insurance. Like any of your family members, animals also have health needs. It will let you manage your cost in treating your pet's injuries and illnesses. Included in pet insurance policies are lab test, surgery and visit to a licensed veterinarian and specialists.

Aetna Health Insurance has a symbol of AET at NY Stock Exchange. They have over 19 million members for medical, 14 million members for dental and 11 million pharmacy members. At present they have more than 920,000 health care professional, 528,000 doctors and specialist and 5,112 hospitals. They have been recognized worldwide and have been named by Fortune magazine as the Most Admired Company for Health Care. Some other awards they have received are: 2008 CRO's 100 Best Corporate Citizens, 2008 Health Literacy Awards, first in Payer View Rankings 2008, 2007 Behavioral Health Awards, Corporate Leadership Award, 2006 Innovation Award, 2004 HERA Award and more.

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